The process of building ontologies is a difficult task that involves collaboration between ontology developers and domain experts and requires an ongoing interaction between them. This collaboration is made more difficult, because they tend to use different tool sets, which can hamper this interaction. In this paper, we propose to decrease this distance between domain experts and ontology developers by creating more readable forms of ontologies, and further to enable editing in normal office environments. Building on a programmatic ontology development environment, such as Tawny-OWL, we are now able to generate these readable/editable from the raw ontological source and its embedded comments. We have this translation to HTML for reading; this environment provides rich hyperlinking as well as active features such as hiding the source code in favour of comments. We are now working on translation to a Word document that also enables editing. Taken together this should provide a significant new route for collaboration between the ontologist and domain specialist.
Ontologies are a mechanism for organising data, so that it can be generated, searched and retrieved accurately. They do this by building a computational model of an area of knowledge or domain.
But, building ontologies is a challenge for a number of reasons. One of the main problems is that building an ontology requires two skills sets: the use and manipulation of a complex formalism, which tends to be the job of an ontologist; and, the deep understanding of the area that it being modelled, which is the job of a domain specialist. It is fairly rare to find a person who understands both areas; so people have to collaborate.
In this paper, we describe new mechanism to enable this collaboration; rather than trying to train domain specialists to build ontologies or use ontology tooling, we instead manipulate an ontology so that it can be viewed as an office doc, which ultimately is the tool that most people are familiar with.